The Bavaria 46 Cruiser Sailboat
Specs & Key Performance Indicators
The Bavaria 46 Cruiser, an aft cockpit fractional sloop, was designed by J&J Design and built in Germany by Bavaria Yachts.
A Bavaria 46 Cruiser
Published Specification for the Bavaria 46 Cruiser
Underwater Profile: Bulb fin keel & spade rudder
Hull Material: GRP (Fibreglass)
Length Overall: 46'7" (14.2m)
Waterline Length: 40'1" (12.2m)
Beam: 14'3" (4.4m)
Draft: 6'9" (2.1m)
Rig Type: Fractional sloop
Displacement: 23,148lb (10,500kg)
Designer: J&J Design
Builder: Bavaria Yachts (Germany)
Year First Built: 2000
Published Design Ratios for the Bavaria 46 Cruiser
1. Sail Area/Displacement Ratio: 20.0
- Less than 16 would be considered under-powered;
- 16 to 20 would indicate reasonably good performance;
- Over 20 suggests relatively high performance.
2. Ballast/Displacement Ratio: 30.5
- Under 40: less stiff, less powerful
- Over 40: stiffer, more powerful
3. Displacement/Length Ratio: 160
- Under 100: Ultralight
- 100 to 200: Light
- 200 to 275: Moderate
- 275 to 350: Heavy
- Over 350: Ultraheavy
4. Comfort Ratio: 24.6
- Under 20 indicates a lightweight racing boat
- 20 to 30 indicates a coastal cruiser
- 30 to 40 indicates a moderate offshore cruising boat
- 40 to 50 indicates a heavy offshore boat
- Over 50 indicates an extremely heavy offshore boat
5. Capsize Screening Formula: 2.0
- Under 2.0 (the lower the better): Better suited for ocean passages
- Over 2.0: Less suited for ocean passages
read more about these Key Performance Indicators...
Summary Analysis of the Design Ratios for the Bavaria 46 Cruiser
1. A Sail Area/Displacement Ratio of 20.0 suggests that, in the right hands, the Bavaria 46 Cruiser will have enough performance to leave most other sailboats of similar waterline length well astern.
2. A Ballast/Displacement Ratio of 30.5 would usually mean that the Bavaria 46 Cruiser would have a tendency to heel uncomfortably in a gust, and need to be reefed early to keep her sailing upright in a moderate breeze.
However, as she has much of her ballast concentrated in a bulb at the foot of her keel, she's likely to be considerably stiffer than her published Ballast/Displacement Ratio might suggest.
3. A Displacement/Length Ratio of 160, tells us the Bavaria 46 Cruiser is a light displacement sailboat. If she's loaded with too much heavy cruising gear her performance will suffer to a degree.
4. Ted Brewer's Comfort Ratio of 24.6 suggests that crew comfort of a Bavaria 46 Cruiser in a seaway is similar to what you would associate with the motion of a coastal cruiser with moderate stability, which is not encouraging news for anyone prone to seasickness.
5. The Capsize Screening Formula of 2.0 tells us that a Bavaria 46 Cruiser would not be as good a choice of sailboat for ocean passage-making, owing to the increased risk of capsize in strong winds and heavy seas when compared to a sailboat with a CSF of less than 2.0.
Other sailboats in the Bavaria product range include:
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