The Dufour 40e Sailboat
Specs & Key Performance Indicators

The Dufour 40e, a light-displacement fractional sloop, was designed by Umberto Felci and Patrick Roséo and built in France by Dufour Yachts.

Dufour 40e 'Ker Yamm' at anchor in Deep Bay, AntiguaA Dufour 40e 'Ker Yamm' at anchor in Deep Bay, Antigua

Published Specification for the Dufour 40e

Underwater Profile: Bulb fin keel and spade rudder

Hull Material: GRP

Length Overall: 40'5" (12.4m)

Waterline Length: 35'3" (10.8m)

Beam: 12'9" (3.9m)

Draft: 6'10" (2.1m)

Rig Type: Fractional sloop

Displacement: 16,283lb (7,386kg)

Designer: Umberto Felci and Patrick Roséo

Builder: Dufour Yachts (France)

Year First Built: 2002

Owners Association: Dufour Owners Association

Published Design Ratios for the Dufour 40e

1. Sail Area/Displacement Ratio: 23.8

  • Less than 16 would be considered under-powered;
  • 16 to 20 would indicate reasonably good performance;
  • Over 20 suggests relatively high performance.

2. Ballast/Displacement Ratio: 30.0

  • Under 40: less stiff, less powerful
  • Over 40: stiffer, more powerful

3. Displacement/Length Ratio: 178

  • Under 100: Ultralight
  • 100 to 200: Light
  • 200 to 275: Moderate
  • 275 to 350: Heavy
  • Over 350: Ultraheavy

4. Comfort Ratio: 24.7

  • Under 20 indicates a lightweight racing boat
  • 20 to 30 indicates a coastal cruiser
  • 30 to 40 indicates a moderate offshore cruising boat
  • 40 to 50 indicates a heavy offshore boat
  • Over 50 indicates an extremely heavy offshore boat

5. Capsize Screening Formula: 2.0

  • Under 2.0 (the lower the better): Better suited for ocean passages
  • Over 2.0: Less suited for ocean passages

read more about these Key Performance Indicators...

Summary Analysis of the Design Ratios for the Dufour 40e

1. A Sail Area/Displacement Ratio of 23.8 suggests that, in the right hands, the Dufour 40e will have enough performance to leave most other sailboats of similar waterline length well astern.  

2. A Ballast/Displacement Ratio of 30.0 would usually mean that the Dufour 40e would have a tendency to heel excessively in a gust, and need to be reefed early to keep her sailing upright in a moderate breeze.

However, as she has much of her ballast concentrated in a bulb at the foot of the keel, she's likely to be considerably stiffer than her published Ballast/Displacement Ratio might suggest.

3. A Displacement/Length Ratio of 178, tells us the Dufour 40e is clearly a light displacement sailboat. If she's loaded with too much heavy cruising gear her performance will suffer dramatically.

4. Ted Brewer's Comfort Ratio of 24.7 suggests that crew comfort of a Dufour 40e in a seaway is similar to what you would associate with the motion of a coastal cruiser with moderate stability, which is not encouraging news for anyone prone to seasickness. 

5. The Capsize Screening Formula (CSF) of 2.0 indicates that a Dufour 40e would not be the wisest choice of sailboat for ocean passage-making owing to the lower resistance to capsize in strong winds and heavy seas that is associated with sailboats with a CSF of 2.0 and above.

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