The Bavaria 31 Cruiser Sailboat
Specs & Key Performance Indicators

The Bavaria 31 Cruiser, a moderate displacement fractional sloop, was designed by J&J Design and built in Germany by Bavaria Yachts.

Bavaria 31

Published Specification for the Bavaria 31 Cruiser

Underwater Profile: Bulb fin keel & spade rudder

Hull Material: GRP (Fibreglass)

Length Overall: 32'1" (9.8m)

Waterline Length: 27'4" (8.3m)

Beam: 11'1" (3.4m)

Draft: 4'8" (1.4m)

Rig Type: Fractional sloop

Displacement: 10,340lb (4,690kg)

Ballast: 2,420lb (1,098kg)

Designer: J&J Design

Builder: Bavaria Yachts (Germany)

Year First Built: 2007


Published Design Ratios for the Bavaria 31 Cruiser

1. Sail Area/Displacement Ratio: 18.7

  • Less than 16 would be considered under-powered;
  • 16 to 20 would indicate reasonably good performance;
  • Over 20 suggests relatively high performance.

2. Ballast/Displacement Ratio: 23.4

  • Under 40: less stiff, less powerful
  • Over 40: stiffer, more powerful

3. Displacement/Length Ratio: 226

  • Under 100: Ultralight
  • 100 to 200: Light
  • 200 to 275: Moderate
  • 275 to 350: Heavy
  • Over 350: Ultraheavy

4. Comfort Ratio: 22.6

  • Under 20 indicates a lightweight racing boat
  • 20 to 30 indicates a coastal cruiser
  • 30 to 40 indicates a moderate offshore cruising boat
  • 40 to 50 indicates a heavy offshore boat
  • Over 50 indicates an extremely heavy offshore boat

5. Capsize Screening Formula: 2.1

  • Under 2.0 (the lower the better): Better suited for ocean passages
  • Over 2.0: Less suited for ocean passages

Read more about these Key Performance Indicators...


Summary Analysis of the Design Ratios for the Bavaria 31 Cruiser

1. A Sail Area/Displacement Ratio of 18.7 suggests that the Bavaria 31 Cruiser will, in the right conditions, approach her maximum hull speed readily and satisfy the sailing performance expectations of most cruising sailors.

2. A Ballast/Displacement Ratio of 23.4 would usually mean that the Bavaria 31 Cruiser would have a tendency to heel uncomfortably in a gust, and need to be reefed early to keep her sailing upright in a moderate breeze.

However, as she has much of her ballast concentrated in a bulb at the foot of her keel, she's likely to be considerably stiffer than her published Ballast/Displacement Ratio might suggest.

3. A Displacement/Length Ratio of 22.6, tells us the Bavaria 31 Cruiser is a moderate displacement cruiser, which means she'll carry all your cruising gear without it having a dramatic effect on her performance. Most of today's sailboats intended for offshore cruising fall into this displacement category.

4. Ted Brewer's Comfort Ratio of 22.6 suggests that crew comfort of a Bavaria 31 Cruiser in a seaway is similar to what you would associate with the motion of a coastal cruiser with moderate stability, which is not the best of news for anyone prone to seasickness. 

5. The Capsize Screening Formula of 22.1 tells us that a Bavaria 31 Cruiser would not be as good a choice of sailboat for ocean passage-making, owing to the increased risk of capsize in strong winds and heavy seas when compared to a sailboat with a CSF of less than 2.0.

Other sailboats in the Bavaria product range include:

A Bavaria 32 Sailboat on a trot mooringThe Bavaria 32

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