The Beneteau 46 Sailboat
Specs & Key Performance Indicators

The Beneteau 46, an aft-cockpit fractional sloop, was designed by Berret Racoupeau Yacht Design and built in France by Beneteau.

A Beneteau 46 sailboat at anchorA Beneteau 46

Published Specification for the Beneteau 46

Underwater Profile: Bulb fin keel & skeg-hung rudder

Hull Material: GRP (Fibreglass)

Length Overall: 47'3" (14.4m)

Waterline Length: 40'0" (12.2m)

Beam: 13'11" (4.2m)

Draft: 5'9" (1.8m)

Rig Type: Fractional sloop

Displacement: 23,292lb (10,565kg)

Designer: Berret Racoupeau Yacht Design

Builder: Beneteau (France)

Year First Built: 2005

Published Design Ratios for the Beneteau 46

1. Sail Area/Displacement Ratio: 20.8

  • Less than 16 would be considered under-powered;
  • 16 to 20 would indicate reasonably good performance;
  • Over 20 suggests relatively high performance.

2. Ballast/Displacement Ratio: 30.7

  • Under 40: less stiff, less powerful
  • Over 40: stiffer, more powerful

3. Displacement/Length Ratio: 162

  • Under 100: Ultralight
  • 100 to 200: Light
  • 200 to 275: Moderate
  • 275 to 350: Heavy
  • Over 350: Ultraheavy

4. Comfort Ratio: 25.6

  • Under 20 indicates a lightweight racing boat
  • 20 to 30 indicates a coastal cruiser
  • 30 to 40 indicates a moderate offshore cruising boat
  • 40 to 50 indicates a heavy offshore boat
  • Over 50 indicates an extremely heavy offshore boat

5. Capsize Screening Formula: 1.9

  • Under 2.0 (the lower the better): Better suited for ocean passages
  • Over 2.0: Less suited for ocean passages

read more about these Key Performance Indicators...

Summary Analysis of the Design Ratios for the Beneteau 46

1. A Sail Area/Displacement Ratio of 20.8 suggests that, in the right hands, the Beneteau 46 will have enough performance to leave most other sailboats of similar waterline length well astern. 

2. A Ballast/Displacement Ratio of 30.7 would usually mean that the Beneteau 46 would have a tendency to heel uncomfortably in a gust, and need to be reefed early to keep her sailing upright in a moderate breeze.

However, as she has much of her ballast concentrated in a bulb at the foot of her keel, she's likely to be considerably stiffer than her published Ballast/Displacement Ratio might suggest.

3. A Displacement/Length Ratio of 162 tells us the Beneteau 46 is clearly a light displacement sailboat. If she's loaded with too much heavy cruising gear her performance will suffer to a degree.

4. Ted Brewer's Comfort Ratio of 25.6 suggests that crew comfort of a Beneteau 46 in a seaway is similar to what you would associate with the motion of a coastal cruiser with moderate stability, which is not encouraging news for anyone prone to seasickness. 

5. The Capsize Screening Formula (CSF) of 1.9 indicates that a Beneteau 46 would be a safer choice of sailboat for an ocean passage than one with a CSF of more than 2.0. 

Other sailboats in the Beneteau product range include:


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